Out Now: The Inevitable Deservingness Gap

It’s finally out: my paper with Tom van der Meer using a vignette experiment to study (1) the relevance of identity compared to all other famous CARIN-criteria of welfare deservingness, (2) the extent to which favorable criteria are able to reduce the alleged deservingness gap for immigrants. About two weeks ago, the Journal of European Social Policy has made it available online. As it is Open Access, it can retrieved for – for free!



Academic Tourism 2018

It’s mid-March, which means that for various international conferences, paper submission deadlines are long due. This means that I already have a good idea about what my academic travel schedule for 2018 will look like! My tour will start tomorrow, as the National Program Directors will gather at GESIS in Cologne to discuss progress in the data collection of the European Values Study. With pleasure I can announce that the fieldwork phase of the Dutch part has been completed: I&O Research has interviewed 686 respondents for the CAPI (face-to-face) part, whereas being part of the LISS-panel, CentERdata has been able to have 2,034 respondents fill in the matrix-design of the EVS for the CAWI-part – in addition, 1,710 of those panel members have filled in the full questionnaire. At this moment, we are working hard to clean the data in order to be part of the first EVS 2017 data release, which is announced for Fall 2018.

The second stage of my academic travel for this year will hit the US. It’s been two years since I’ve attended a conference in the US, but I decided to pick up this tradition again. At the Annual Conference of the Council for European Studies (aka the “Europeanist”-conference), I will present three papers. The first one deals with the relationship between opinions towards the monarchy and social trust in Belgium (and Great Britain). The second one concerns explaining ‘glocalization’ in mass public opinion. And last but not least, I’m working on a paper on contextual explanations for welfare chauvinism. Combined, a packed schedule, also because the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS) has organized a drink at the Consulate General of the Netherlands in Chicago. Before heading to Chicago, I will drop by in Washington (DC), and New York City. Afterwards, I will visit a friend in Louisville.

The third stage of my academic travel concerns an annual tradition: presenting at the Dutch and Flemish Annual Conference, widely known as de Dag van de Sociologie. Erasmus University Rotterdam will host this year’s conference on June 14. As I’m board member of the Dutch Sociological Association NSV and responsible for the prizes (this year the Master Thesis Prize, Research Master Thesis Prize, and the Best Article Award), my conference schedule will be packed. I will present a paper on skin tone effects on income in Mexico (written together with my boyfriend). Together with Inge Sieben and Loek Halman, also first findings on the Dutch section of the EVS will be presented.

The fourth and final leg of my academic traveling is a stop in Morocco. The World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR) will organize its annual conference in Marrakesh. As I’ve never been to Africa, it will be an amazing experience; obviously I added 10 more days of vacationing to this trip. At this conference, I will present first findings from the Dutch section of the EVS – a paper that reflects the one that will be presented at the Dutch and Flemish Annual Conference.

Needless to say that I’m pretty excited!



Keeping track of reviewing

Last week, I joined Publons – a website that keeps track of contributions to peer review. Throughout the year, I receive numerous invitations to review manuscripts. I accept almost half of these invitations, and take my role as reviewer quite seriously: by giving advice on how to improve manuscripts, scientific knowledge can be enhanced. At the same time, reviewing manuscripts keep me focused and keep me track of new developments in the field, too. I have forwarded most of my editorial e-mails of the last years – some reviews are still missing, particularly of my period before joining Tilburg University (2014). Anyway, another way to keep track of contributions to academia.



European Values Study Netherlands on Facebook

Slightly more than one day before 2017 comes to an end. Currently, I&O Research is still approaching respondents to finalize the fieldwork of the 2017 wave of the European Values Study. 2018 will mark the public availability of the newest EVS-wave. To make sure that the launch of the newest data will not get unnoticed, I created a new Facebook-page EVS Nederland – unfortunately, it’s only in Dutch. On regular awareness days, such as the International Days of the United Nations, we will present findings from 2008 in which we compare the Netherlands with other European countries. As soon as there are updates regarding the 2017 data collection, the Facebook page will be one of the primary outlets to get involved. Get involved, and like the page!



Santa Claus is Coming to Town

At the end of the year, two academic rewards came in – two articles I contributed to are accepted for publication. In the first article – “The Inevitable Deservingness Gap. A Study into the Insurmountable Immigrant Penalty in Perceived Welfare Deservingness” – Tom van der Meer and I continue on the study of the welfare deservingness of immigrants. A link to the paper will follow as soon as it’s in press at the Journal of European Social Policy, but from the abstract, we read:

Albeit studies on welfare deservingness show that immigrants are deemed least entitled to welfare compared to other target groups, such studies have fallen short to isolate welfare claimants’ identity (i.e. foreign origin) to rivaling deservingness criteria that might explain the immigrant deservingness gap. This paper studies the importance of welfare claimants’ foreign origin relative to other theoretically relevant deservingness criteria via a unique vignette experiment among 23,000 Dutch respondents about their preferred levels of unemployment benefits. We show that foreign origin is among the three most important conditions for reduced solidarity, after labor-market reintegration behavior (reciprocity) and culpability for unemployment (control). Further, favorable criteria do not close the gap between immigrants and natives in perceived deservingness, emphasizing the difficulty to overcome the immigrant penalty in perceived welfare deservingness.

The second paper is titled “Imagining Class: A Study into Material Social Class Position, Subjective Identification, and Voting Behavior across Europe” and flows from the upcoming dissertation of Peter Achterberg and my PhD-student, Lorenzo D’Hooge. In his dissertation, Lorenzo focuses on the sources as well as consequences of the discordance between material or ‘objective’ class positions (i.e. the social classes sociologists classify people in according to occupational information, among other characteristics), and ‘subjective’ class identification. From existing research it is known that only half of the people correctly identifies with the social class they according to their material status belong to, making that half either inflates or deflates his/her class position. In this paper, published in Social Science Research, Lorenzo, Peter and I look at the consequences of class discordance on voting behavior.



Dissertation Prize for Rob Timans

Yesterday, the Dutch Sociological Association (NSV) and the Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP) organized it’s annual Actualiteitencollege (“current affairs lecture”). The theme of this lecture was decentralization in care. Since 2015, the organization of long-term care has changed in the Netherlands; governments require more active participation from its citizens instead of passively relying on professional care. Based on scientific research, Peteke Feijten (Netherlands Institute for Social Research SCP), Marjolein Broese van Groenou (Free University of Amsterdam VU), and Jan Willem Duyvendak (University of Amsterdam UvA) responded to the question whether ‘close proximity’ is always better in case of long-term care. The host of the whole afternoon was Kim Putters, head of the SCP.

After the academic sessions, Paul Schnabel (University Professor at Utrecht University) awarded the Dissertation Prize of the Dutch Sociological Association – an event that I coordinated. The Prize was given to “Studying the Dutch Business Elite: Relational Concepts and Methods,” written by Rob Timans. Congratulations! Schnabel’s laudatio can be retreived from the NSV-website.



Sociology Meme Contest

Last Wednesday, the Department organized a Student Research Day – a biannual event during which students present the results of their research. Together with Study Association Versot, we organized a meme contest. The idea was that students should create sociologically relevant memes. All submissions can be retrieved from the website I created: sociologymemes.eu.

Important in a meme contest is that winners were assigned. A ‘professional’ jury – consisting of members of the Department and representatives of Versot – chose for Yvette Jacobs’ meme on the European Values Study. Inside joke, but when we refer to specific survey years, we talk about “waves”. The link to surfing – wave riding – is therefore not that far-fetched.

The audience award – basically all students present at the Research Day – assigned the first prize to Mitchell Matthijssen his meme on colleague Bram Peper. Next to being a well-respected teacher within the Department (responsible for virtually Introduction to Sociology courses), he is also a deejay. Also at the end of the Student Research Day, Bram closed the event with a deejay-set. You can listen to it below! Don’t forget to check Tilburg University‘s newspaper Univers’ coverage about the meme contest!



Throwback Thursday

Last week, Tilburg University organized Night University. A unique event to give back to society. The Dutch team of the European Values Study was evidently present, as the theme of the evening was “Back to the Future“. Pictures on Instagram below show that this theme was quite visible on campus: the organization were even able to get their hands on a few DeLorean time machine cars!

Because of the theme, we decided to present on the question whether younger people these days have become more conservative – i.e. less postmaterialist – than age cohorts decades back. At least in the US, this concerns seem to be widely shared, not in the least because since the election of Donald Trump. After crunching several waves of the EVS, we showed that young people show, generally, more postmaterialistic values than the same cohorts several decades ago. There is, however, one difference. On the so-called Inglehart materialist-postmaterialist survey items, there is a shift towards more materialist responses. As we are presently collecting new EVS-data, we can update in a few months whether this shift towards materialism among younger age cohorts was an anomaly, or whether value change has been initiated already one decade ago.



EVS at Night University

On Thursday 16 November 2017, Tilburg University will turn into Night University. Science and society are brought together during this annual fun event. Whereas I was hosting karaoke with Peter Achterberg the last two years, this year I will bring in a more academic focus. In a joint talk with Loek Halman, I will talk about generational effects in social values, based on the European Values Study: is it true that young people are becoming more conservative than their parents? Loek and I will be present in room SZ 31 (Simon Building) from 9:00-9:45pm. Entrance is free!

During the same day, I will be a jury member during University’s Got Talent. This event is part of the Dies Natalis during the 90th anniversary celebrations of Tilburg University. During this event, 10 different acts (music, dance, debate, …) will try to conquer a place at Festival Mundial 2018! Together with Frank van Pamelen and Gino van Eijk, we will select the winner of this unique contest. More soon!



Going Fast!

Four months since my last update, yet life has been going fast. I decided to take a well-deserved summer holiday and I spent one month in Colombia. It will take many more blog posts to summarize how amazing this trip actually was. Several great memories that simply cannot condensely be written out in an academic blog.

Many things have happened in the past four months. First of all, it is important that the Dutch fieldwork of the European Values Study is in the field. After a long trajectory of writing out a tender for fieldwork companies (and selecting the one with the best qualifications), translating the questionnaire, interviewer training, sampling designs, and so on, it’s with pleasure that I can add that the fieldwork has started about a month ago. The fieldwork is proceeding well, and response figures are heading in the right direction.

In addition, Edward Elgar publishing has worked hard to print an edited volume I have contributed to. Together with Wim van Oorschot, Femke Roosma, and Bart Meuleman, I brought together seminal authors working on welfare deservingness. After quite some time reviewing and revising chapters, it is with pleasure to see the end product on the shelf. “The Social Legitimacy of Targeted Welfare. Attitudes to Welfare Deservingness” is out!

At Tilburg University, the new academic year has started. For our Department, it’s an important transition, as we created an English track in the Bachelor program. We are pleased to host 16 students in the Bachelor International Sociology. The first bloc of the year started well: I’m teaching on social capital for 16 bright new students in the first year of the Research Master in Social and Behavioral Sciences. Next to that, I also teach the course “Diversity and Community” for about 30 students at University College Tilburg. In the Education Committee of Sociology, I made ‘promotion’ from staff member to chair. Apart of that, also the first Faculty Board with the new Dean has taken place, as well as the first meeting of the Dutch Sociological Association of the new academic year.

Least to say things are moving fast!